Since the Internal Medicine specialization has many categories that affect body organs such as heart, lungs, liver, digestive system, kidneys, urology, spine and joints, brain and nerves, or muscles, therefore it is considered one of the largest and broadest specialties of medicine. Although there are some diseases that affect some specific organs, such diseases are considered internal diseases, for example: atherosclerotic vascular disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, obesity and all related complications.
As internal medicine patients may be prone to a serious condition or need laboratory tests, the internists may have a sub-specialty in diseases that affect certain organs or systems.
Common internal diseases
Digestive system diseases
The stomach is the house of most diseases; therefore it is always necessary to consult a specialist in case of any symptoms or imbalance in stomach or other organs of the digestive system.
High blood pressure and heart diseases
It refers to diseases that affect the heart, such as valves, arteries, heart muscle, atherosclerotic. These diseases are associated with high or low blood pressure or power of pumping blood throughout the cardiac muscle via blood vessels. In case of vascular or heart disease , the person is at risk of stroke.
Therefore, we recommend discovering and controlling the disease at early stage so as to protect human body from serious diseases.
This disease is increasing terribly every day and every year. It is related to the most important two factors between the performance of the pancreas in terms of secretion of insulin in an adequate quantity and quality of food, and insulin quality to increase cells of the human body . In the case of obesity, the cells’ resistance to insulin increases (or it reduces the performance of insulin to work), despite its quality, but its effect is not sufficient.
Following up diabetes readings is an important matter. The treatment may change, regardless of controlling the blood sugar level, it is necessary to follow up readings to prevent complications whenever possible.
Kidneys maintain the balance of water, fluids, minerals and salts in the human body and excrete some types of waste, medicines and others, in the form of urine that is collected in the bladder. In case of malfunction of one or both kidneys, especially with some diseases like diabetes or diseases affecting the kidneys in particular; then patient need dialysis as compensatory procedure for the basic kidney function of the body.
In daily life, the lungs are exposed to climate changes, dust and pollution, which causes the emergence of diseases and symptoms such as: coughing, SOB, oxygen deficiency as their primary function is to replace or change oxygen percent by cells in bronchial to supply the body with new oxygen per minute.
Some types of viruses, bacteria, immune diseases cause diseases in the lungs and respiratory system, which requires treatment and follow-up to avoid disease progression.
It refers to diseases that affect nerves including cranial or peripheral nerves and sometimes associated with vertebrae and some joints problems.
Some of these diseases are immunological or as a result or complications of other diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure.